ELA & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, & Technical Subjects K-5
Key Ideas and Details
1. Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text.
RL.5.1. Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
2. Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas.
RL.5.2. Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text. Include texts by and about American Indians.
3. Analyze how and why individuals, events, and ideas develop and interact over the course of a text.
RL.5.3. Compare and contrast two or more characters, settings, or events in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., how characters interact).
Craft and Structure
4. Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone.
RL.5.4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes.
5. Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole.
RL.5.5. Explain how a series of chapters, scenes, or stanzas fits together to provide the overall structure of a particular story, drama, or poem.
6. Assess how point of view or purpose shapes the content and style of a text.
RL.5.6. Describe how a narrator’s or speaker’s point of view influences how events are described, including perspectives of American Indians.
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
7. Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse media and formats, including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words.
RL.5.7. Analyze how visual and multimedia elements contribute to the meaning, tone, or beauty of a text (e.g., graphic novel, multimedia presentation of fiction, folktale, myth, poem).
9. Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order to build knowledge or to compare the approaches the authors take.
RL.5.9. Compare and contrast stories in the same genre (e.g., mysteries and adventure stories including traditional and contemporary stories by and about American Indians) on their approaches to similar themes and topics.
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
10. Read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently and proficiently.
RL.5.10. By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, at the high end of the grades 4-5 text complexity band independently and proficiently.